Scripture Reading:  Romans 5:12-21

“For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.”  (Romans 5:19)

The first Adam, who was the representative and federal head of the human race, failed to keep the God’s law (Genesis 3).  Thus the first Adam’s disobedience brought sin into this world — “Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned” (v. 12).

As a result of Adam’s sin, the judgment of God came because God’s holiness was offended by Adam’s disobedience — “For the judgment following the trespass brought condemnation” (v. 16b).  The immediate result of judgment was condemnation.  Sin is a serious matter before a holy God.

Because man experienced condemnation by God, death spread to all men (v. 12).  What a sad picture!  The first Adam’s failure resulted in disobedience, judgment, condemnation and death.  This is the nature that we inherited from our first father Adam.

But God did not leave us in this helpless and hopeless state.  He sent the second Adam, Jesus Christ.  Whereas the first Adam failed, the second Adam was victorious.  As a result of the perfect obedience of the second Adam, we can now be made righteous — “So by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous” (v. 19b).

The second Adam made our justification possible — “For the judgment following the one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification” (v. 16).  Jesus Christ fully obeyed God’s law and He also became the perfect, spotless sacrifice for us.  Through HIs work we are now justified before God by faith in Jesus Christ.

Because of the work of the second Adam, we can now experience God’s grace — “But where sin increased, grace abounded all the more” (v. 20b).  Instead of condemnation, we now get God’s grace!  We get what we do not deserve — acceptance, love and blessings from our heavenly Father.

Finally, because of the second Adam, we now have eternal life — “So that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (v. 21).  The second Adam’s victorious work resulted in grace, justification, righteousness and eternal life!

Lord Jesus, thank You for Your faithful obedience to Your Father’s will.  Thank You that you perfectly obeyed God’s law and thus did for us what the first Adam failed to do — bring justification, righteousness and eternal life to fallen human beings.


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